Avoidable risk factors of breast cancer

Now you can easily lower the breast cancer risks! A recent research identifies risk factors that can be avoided to keep breast cancer at bay.Certain changes in lifestyle and other behavior can have a profound influence over the major breast cancer risk factors.

Thousands of women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year. Generally known to the most curable category of cancer, breast cancer refers to the cancer of breast tissues that usually affects the inner lining of milk ducts. With enough documentation available on the subject, scientists and medical experts worldwide strongly believe the major breast cancer risk factors to be family history of breast cancer, the early advent of the menstrual cycle and the late onset of menopause.

Women sustaining any of the above factors are at an increased breast cancer risk. However, a family history of breast cancer does not necessarily indicate an inevitable development of breast cancer in other family members; whether or not it occurs, differs from individual to individual. Also, medical science cannot influence the onset of menopause. These are risk factors are cannot be controlled. Prior research in this area of medicine suggest that lifestyle factors like intake of hormones for the alleviation of menopausal symptoms, lack of physical activity, alcohol consumption and overweight classify as the possible risk factors for the development of breast cancer.

A recent study conducted in Germany aims to find out the percentage of breast cancer cases which are caused due these major avoidable risk factors. The study also proposed to determine whether there are behavioral and lifestyle changes that might aid in lowering the potential risk. This study involved a study population of about 3,000 patients in Germany who had been diagnosed with breast cancer after the onset of menopause. Based on the data derived from this study, the researchers evaluated the percentage of breast cancer cases that are caused due to a certain risk factor in particular.

The results indicated that amongst the manageable behavioral risk factors, alcohol consumption and overweight contribute less to the potential breast cancer risks as compared to the other factors viz., lack of physical activity and intake of hormones for relief from menopausal symptoms which contribute significantly to the risk. About 30 percent of the breast cancer cases were found to be due the latter two factors. Other unmanageable risk factors including a family history of breast cancer, the early advent of the menstrual cycle and the late onset of menopause constitute a high percentage of about 37 percent of the total breast cancer cases.

Certain changes in lifestyle and other behavior can have a profound influence over the major breast cancer risk factors. In this regard, if behavioral changes and lifestyle alteration is brought about in these spheres of life, almost 30 percent of breast cancer cases after menopause can be avoided. It is recommended that women indulge in a substantial amount of daily physical activity including exercises and other work outs; also it is advised that the intake of hormones for relief from menopausal symptoms should be avoided as far as possible.

Source
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2011-01/haog-sia011811.php

Reference:
Population attributable risk of invasive postmenopausal breast cancer and breast cancer subtypes for modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Benjamin B.E. Barnes, Karen Steindorf, Rebecca Hein, Dieter Flesch-Janys and Jenny Chang-Claude: Cancer Epidemiology 2010, DOI: 10.1016/j.canep.2010.11.003

Author: Ann M
Editor: Dr.Bimal Rajalingam
For any questions please mail emedicine@emedicinelive.net

Disclaimer: This article is written by a non-medical professional.

Date: 
Sunday, June 19, 2011
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