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Reason behind Salmonella's Persistence in the Gut Uncovered

Physicians treating Salmonella infection know how stubborn it can be. It is acquired on consuming raw and contaminated fruits and vegetables. The bacteria lodge in the gastrointestinal tract, and lead to diarrhea, fever and severe abdominal cramps. The symptoms last for around seven days despite the best efforts by the body’s immune system to kill the bacteria. Now, a new study, published in the recent issue of the journal Cell Host and Microbe, has finally uncovered the reasons behind...

Increasing Number of Patients Using Opioids for Chronic Abdominal Pain

opiods for pain
One of the commonest symptom with which a patient visits the doctor is that of chronic abdominal pain. The pain is often severe and does not respond easily to the normal painkillers. A recent study, published in the journal "Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology", has found that more and more physicians across the U. S. are resorting to opioid analgesics to treat chronic abdominal pain. The study was led by Dr. Spencer D. Dorn from the University of North Carolina. His team collected data...

Live Liver Donors at Risk of Developing Long Term Complications

liver donor
Many people around the world suffering from end stage liver disease, due to hepatitis C or alcohol abuse or any other causes; require a liver transplantation to sustain. However, there is a vast discrepancy between the numbers of livers required for transplantation and the number of cadaveric livers available. In view of this increasing shortage, surgeons have started adopting liver from live donors. Adult living donor liver transplants have seen a dramatic increase worldwide. But not much has...

Obesity can Accelerate Progression of Liver Cirrhosis

obesity and liver cirrhosis
It is a known fact that obesity is linked with an aggressive course in chronic viral hepatitis. However, it has now come to light that obesity may also accelerate the progression of liver cirrhosis. A research, done by scientists from the United States and Europe,  has determined the effect of obesity in the development of clinical de-compensation (CD) in patients with established cirrhosis. It came to the conclusion that obesity can increase the rate of progression of compensated cirrhosis of...

Management of Constipation in the Elderly

Experiencing Constipation? A bad start to your day ruins your rest of the day? A recent study evaluates various management techniques for constipation, a problem more often found in the elderly. Constipation refers to difficult-to-pass, firm, less frequent or irritable bowel moments. Constipation is a common problem in the elderly and is often painful. Constipation disproportionately affects older adults and leads to considerable loss of work-related productivity, as well as decreased health...