Gastroenterology

Minimum unit pricing of alcohol would reduce deaths related to heavy drinking

  Heavy drinking is a problem faced by many men and women with social and health consequences. People who are addicted to drinking seem to drink lots of alcohol, an average of four bottles of vodka each week. The peculiarity of this group is that they buy only cheap alcohol. A study conducted among alcohol related cirrhosis patients in the University of Southampton and published in the journal ‘Clinical Medicine’, found that heavy drinkers had a tendency to buy cheapest liquor available...

Lymphoid Cells produced in the Gut keep the Commensal Bacteria in Check

gut lymphoid tissue
Although we are familiar with the important role that the thousands of bacteria residing in our gut play, e.g. aiding in digestion and promoting a healthy immune system, what we do not realize is that the location of these commensal bacteria in the gut is a crucial factor. When these bacteria spread beyond the gut and into the blood stream, they may lead chronic inflammation. This condition is commonly seen in diseases like inflammatory bowel disease, obesity, viral hepatitis and infection with...

Fungi living in the Gut linked to the Development of Ulcerative Colitis

uc
Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a chronic disease of the gastrointestinal duct and is quite common in Americans. In fact, latest statistics reveal that almost 1.4 million people residing in the U.S. are affected by the disease with around 30,000 cases being detected annually. One of the frequently observed IBDs is ulcerative colitis wherein the lining of the gut is inflamed and ulcerated. The disease is characterized by pain in abdomen, loose motions, gastrointestinal bleeding and other...

Lactocepin, an Enzyme produced by Probiotic Bacteria protects against IBD

Probiotic bacteria have earned praise from many physicians for their role in preventing intestinal infections and inflammations. However, their mechanism of action was not very clear. But now, a new study published in the latest issue of the journal Cell Host and Microbe has unearthed the biochemical mechanism which confers this protective ability to these bacteria. According to a team of biologists and nutrition scientist from the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) who carried out this...

Patients of Rheumatoid Arthritis have high incidence of Lower Gastrointestinal Problems

rheumatoid gastro problems
A new study by researchers from the Mayo Clinic shows that patients of rheumatoid arthritis have an increased likelihood of lower gastrointestinal problems like ulcers, bleeding and perforations compared to people who do not suffer from the condition. Mortality risk related to gastrointestinal problems is also higher in patients of rheumatoid arthritis. The findings of the study have been published in the latest online issue of the Journal of Rheumatology.   According to the researchers,...

Pages