Nephrology

Summer, Kidney Stones and Global Warming

renal stone
Researchers at The Children’s Hospital, Philadelphia have found a correlation between hot days and kidney stones. They studied 60,000 adults and children with kidney stones in several US cities of varying climates including Atlanta, Dallas, Chicago, Los Angeles and Philadelphia. The research was held between 2005 and 2011 and was published in Environmental Health Perspectives. Study leader Dr. Gregory E. Tasian says that they found as the daily temperatures rises, there is an increase in the...

Mannose Receptor Protein plays an important role in Development of Crescentic Glomerulonephritis

Crescentic glomerulonephritis is a kidney disease which generally results in acute and chronic kidney conditions. It soon progresses to kidney failure and the patient if left untreated may eventually die. Even the patients who receive timely treatment progress to end stage kidney disease requiring regular dialysis and kidney transplant at times. Crescentic glomerulonephritis is caused due to the infiltration of the glomeruli by macrophages. Glomerular injury is also caused by proliferation of...

Fish Oil Capsules Prolong the Life of AV Grafts in Patients undergoing Hemodialysis

Many patients with end stage kidney disease depend upon hemodialysis to sustain life. Synthetic arterio-venous grafts are created in such patients for vascular access during hemodialysis. They are artificial vessels which join an artery to a vein. However, over a period of time, these AV grafts get clogged due to stenosis and thrombosis and disrupt the blood flow through them. The patients then have to undergo surgical procedures to clear these disruptions. Not only do these procedures add to...

Undergoing Frequent Dialysis does not improve the Physical Health of the Patient

Recently, several studies have come up with the suggestion that patients undergoing frequent hemodialysis live longer compared to those who undergo conventional dialysis. However, a new study published in the latest issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology suggests that frequent dialysis does not improve the patients’ physical health even though it is costlier and more time consuming.  Researchers from the University of Washington, Seattle, under the leadership of Yoshio...

Persistent Microscopic Hematuria in Young Adults can lead to an Increased Risk of Developing ESRD

The results of a retrospective, population based study conducted in Israel indicate that a persistent microscopic hematuria in adolescents and young adults can lead to an increased risk of developing end stage renal disease (ESRD). The study, which has been published in the August 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, examined 1,203,626 persons between the ages of 16 and 25 years who had applied for military service, for fitness, between 1975 and 1997. Around 60% of these...

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