Pediatrics

Accidental Ingestion of Tobacco Products can lead to Child Poisonings

Small children are curious by nature and tend to put everything in their mouths in order to explore them. We all know that this can be hazardous and therefore put the things, which can be dangerous to them, out of their reach. A recent study by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health in Boston, led by Dr. Gregory Connolly et al has found that between 2006 and 2008, 13,705 children less than 6 years old were brought to poison control centers due to accidental poisoning by tobacco...

How desirable is Targeted Blood Cholesterol Screening among Youth as Compared to Universal Screening

The problem of hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis, leading to various cardiovascular diseases, is spreading like an epidemic in both developed and under developed countries. It has been realized that these problems take a root in childhood itself. In 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) called upon pediatricians to screen all those children for high cholesterol levels whose parents had a history of hypercholesterolemia or cardiac disease before the age of 55 or were obese and...

Testing Children for Tobacco Smoke Exposure

Worldwide, small children are involuntarily exposed to smoke, usually by adults, in their homes, their school and in transport. In view of the fact that more than 1 million adults around the world smoke, the World Health Organization estimates that approximately 700 million children in the world are exposed to second hand smoke (SHS). As children spend most of their time at home, they are exposed to SHS even while playing, eating or sleeping. SHS is associated with a number of harmful affects...

Complications of Ingesting Button Batteries

The 20 mm lithium coin cell, also known as a button battery is commonly used nowadays in many household items. Cases of button battery ingestion are being reported at an alarming frequency. Although most of the cases of button battery ingestion are non serious, certain cases where the battery is lodged in the esophagus may produce serious complications. It has been known that the damage produced by an ingested battery is mainly because of the electrolysis of tissue fluids, releasing hydroxide...

Managing Procedural Pain in Preterm Babies- Is Sucrose Really Effective?

Preterm and critically ill babies have to undergo multiple skin breaking procedures which are essential part of their care. On an average, a baby admitted in the NICU undergoes about 6 to 24 such procedures everyday. However, these procedures are often painful as they involve breaching the tender skin of the newborns. The resultant pain can adversely affect the stress hormone systems of the baby. Repeated pain may result in early negative programming of these systems. To avoid this scenario, it...

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