Sleep Medicine

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) in Children

osa in children
Sleep Medicine19 Feb 2016
Dr. Victor Jerome Ambrose is a pediatrician with special interest in pediatric sleep disorders. He underwent fellowship training in pediatric sleep and long term ventilation at Greater Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK. We interview him on sleep related issues in children.   1) What is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) of childhood? Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is the extreme end of the spectrum of obstructive sleep disordered breathing in children (that includes three distinct...

Individuals with certain genetic mutation require less sleep and can tolerate sleep deprivation better than others

Sleep medicine societies recommend about seven to nine hours of night sleep in order to function effectively in daytime and avoid symptoms of sleep deprivation. The effects of sleep deprivation include day time sleepiness, concentration problems to depression and workplace accidents. A new study has shown that some people with certain genetic mutation require less sleep and can tolerate sleep deprivation better than others.   The study analysed the sleep patterns of 100 pairs of twins to...

Sleep deprivation and false memories in eyewitnesses of legal proceedings

A recent research paper published in the journal of the Association for Psychological Science suggests that people who are deprived of sleep are prone to form false memories. In the study, people with less hours of sleep were asked to see photographs of a crime and give their observation. Sleep deprived persons gave distorted information about the photos whereas the persons who got a sound night’s sleep recollected the actual things captured in the photographs. The conclusion of the study is...

Children with sleep disordered breathing may face behavioral problems

child sleep disorders
  A new study, published in the April issue of the journal Sleep, has found that children suffering from sleep apnea or other sleep disordered breathing problems are at a higher risk of developing ADHD like behavioral problems. The research was led by Michelle Perfect, an assistant professor in the school psychology program in the Department of disability and psycho-educational studies at the University of Arizona in Tucson.   Perfect along with colleagues, studied the prevalence and...

Role of Oral Appliances in the Treatment of Snoring and Sleep Apnea

sleep apnea oral appliances
  Sleep disordered breathing is a result of repetitive airway obstruction and resultant oxy-hemoglobin de-saturation in deeper stages of sleep. It is thought that the condition is a result of both abnormal anatomy of the upper airway and some aberrant afferent/efferent somato- sensory loop. It is a highly prevalent condition affecting mainly the adult population and requiring cost effective management. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment for the condition but...

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