Prevalence of Asthma reaches All Time High
More people have been diagnosed with asthma in 2010 than ever before. 8.4% of the U.S. population was affected by asthma in 2010 compared to 7.3% in 2001. This means that about 18.7 million adults and 7 million children were either diagnosed with asthma or were suffering from the condition in 2010. The figures form a part of a report called as Asthma’s Impact on the Nation released by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Although the number of patients suffering from asthma has increased, the mortality figures attributed to the condition have shown a continuous declining trend. While the mortality rate stood at 0.21 per 1000 people in 2001, it declined to 0.14 in 2009. There were 8.4 admissions in the hospital per 100 asthma patients while 2 patients per 100 asthma patients had to be taken to the emergency room. In all, there were 479,300 admissions and 1.9 million visits to the emergency department in 2009 which could be attributed to asthma patients.
Total expenditure on asthma related cases reached $56 billion annually with approximately $1039 spent on the treatment of one asthmatic child in 2009. This shows that asthma continues to be a major cause of concern and leads to a huge burden on the state exchequer.
CDC has noted that asthma effects children below 17 more frequently compared to other. Its prevalence rate in children under 17 was 9.5% compared to 7.7% in people over the age of 18. The disease showed a predilection for women with a prevalence rate of 9.2% compared to 7% in men. It was also more frequently seen in people belonging to low socio-economic groups. 11.2% of the people below the poverty line were afflicted with asthma compared to 8.7% of those whose income was twice above the poverty line. People from more affluent background had a prevalence rate of 7.3%. It also affected 14.1% of people from multiracial ethnicity compared to 5.2% of people of Asian descent.
Saturday, September 7, 2013